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Dental Services

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Birth to 12 months old:

  • Complete the clinical oral assessment and appropriate diagnostic tests to assess oral growth and development and/or pathology.
  • Provide oral hygiene counseling for parents, guardians, and caregivers, including the implications of the oral health of the caregiver.
  • Remove supra- and subgingival stains or deposits as indicated.
  • Assess the child’s systemic and topical fluoride status (including type of infant formula used, if any, and exposure to fluoridated toothpaste), and provide counseling regarding fluoride. Prescribe systemic fluoride supplements if indicated, following assessment of total fluoride intake from drinking water, diet, and oral hygiene products.
  • Assess appropriateness of feeding practices, including bottle and breast-feeding, and provide counseling as indicated.
  • Provide dietary counseling related to oral health.
  • Provide age-appropriate injury prevention counseling for orofacial trauma.
  • Provide counseling for non-nutritive oral habits (digit, pacifiers, etc.).
  • Provide diagnosis and required treatment and/or appropriate referral for any oral diseases or injuries.
  • Provide anticipatory guidance for parent/guardian.
  • Consult with the child’s physician as needed.
  • Based on evaluation and history, assess the patient’s risk for oral disease.
  • Determine the interval for periodic reevaluation.

Children aged 12 -24 months:

  • Repeat Birth-12 month procedures every six months or as indicated by individual patient’s needs/susceptibility to disease.
  • Review patient’s fluoride status, including any childcare arrangements, which may impact on systemic fluoride intake and provide parental counseling.
  • Provide topical fluoride treatments every six months or as indicated by the individual patient’s needs.

Children aged 2 - 6 years:

  • Repeat 12-24 month procedures every six months or as indicated by individual patient’s needs/susceptibility to disease. Provide age-appropriate oral hygiene instructions.
  • Complete a radiographic assessment of pathology and/or abnormal growth and development, as indicated by individual patient’s needs.
  • Scale and clean the teeth every six months or as indicated by the individual patient’s needs.
  • Provide topical fluoride treatments every six months or as indicated by the individual patient’s needs.
  • Provide pit and fissure sealants for primary and permanent teeth as indicated by individual patient’s needs.
  • Provide counseling and services (athletic mouth guards) as needed for orofacial trauma prevention. See mouthguards page for more details.
  • Provide assessment/treatment or referral of developing malocclusion as indicated by individual patient’s needs.
  • Provide diagnosis and required treatment and/or appropriate referral for any oral diseases, habits, or injuries as indicated.
  • Assess speech and language development, and provide appropriate referral as indicated.

Children aged 7 - 12 years:

  • Repeat 2-6 year procedures every six months or as indicated by individual patient’s needs/susceptibility to disease.
  • Provide substance abuse counseling (smoking, smokeless tobacco, etc.).

Teens 13 to 18 years:

  • Repeat 6-12 year procedures every six months or as indicated by individual patient’s needs/susceptibility to disease.
  • At an age determined by patient, parent, and dentist, refer the patient to a general dentist for continuing dental care.